GUADELOUPE, MARTINIQUE, St. BARTH & St. Martin
ISLAND FUN FACTS
Capital: The Capital city of this region is Basse-Terre
Population: According to data recorded by United Nations (UN), the population is estimated to be 400,124
Religion: About 80% of the region’s population are Roman Catholic. Other major religions include protestant denominations.
Language: The official language in Guadeloupe is French. Otherwise the residents also speak Antillean Creole.
Guadeloupe Carnival is an exciting celebration that commemorates centuries worth of the island’s tradition and heritage. Guadeloupe Carnival is a buzzy season of celebration featured with music, dance, costumes, decorations, food, drink, parades, parties and enjoying beignets- a sweet French donut.
The Guadeloupe Carnival is not just popular to the natives but also attracts lots of tourists to this gorgeous Caribbean island.
Side of Street Drive-On: While in Guadeloupe drive on the right-hand side of the road.
Currency: The state’s national currency is the EURO.
The first European to discover Guadaloupe is Christopher Columbus around 1493. Spanish made several barren attempts to colonize the region. The French also had an eye for Guadeloupe and so they overthrew the Spanish settlers.
In 20s century, Felix Eboue ascended to governorship as the first black on that post. In 1946, Guadeloupe was made an overseas department of France. In 1967, racism took tall, resulting into conflicts, frequent riots and racist attacks on the black Guagaloupeans. These clashes claimed a number of lives. In 1970s, the urge to acquire independence pushed the movement to prompt France into declaring Guadeloupe as part of French.
In 1980, the struggle turned into violence with many uprising action groups being launched. Guadeloupe became greatly autonomous in 2000. However, in 2009, clashes arose due to low wages, poverty, unemployment and many other economical challenges. Despite the tension, the French government seemed unbothered by the resistance and the strike lasted for 44 days. A visit by Nicolas Sarkozy calmed the violent wave and he vowed to campaign for reforms.
THINGS TO DO
If you have a car then you shall have the best exploration in Guadeloupe. You can hire one at Pointe-a-Pitre International Airport (PTP) in Grande-Terre’s main city.